Racial disparities in COVID-19 vaccination in Canada: results from the cross-sectional Canadian Community Health Survey – CMAJ

November 21, 202

Background: Racial and ethnic disparities in COVID-19 vaccination coverage have been observed in Canada and in other countries. We aimed to compare vaccination coverage for at least 1 dose of a COVID-19 vaccine between First Nations people living off reserve and Métis, Black, Arab, Chinese, South Asian and White people.

Methods: We used data collected between June 2021 and June 2022 by Statistics Canada’s Canadian Community Health Survey, a large, nationally representative cross-sectional study. The analysis included 64 722 participants aged 18 years or older from the 10 provinces. We used a multiple logistic regression model to determine associations between vaccination status and race, controlling for collection period, region of residence, age, gender and education.

Results: Nonvaccination against COVID-19 was more frequent in off-reserve First Nations people (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 1.8, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2–2.7) and Black people (adjusted OR 1.7, 95% CI 1.1–2.6), and less frequent among South Asian people (adjusted OR 0.3, 95% CI 0.1–0.7) compared to White people.

Read More: https://www.cmajopen.ca/content/11/6/E1075

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